Located in the expanse between the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea, Iran borders Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan to the north, Afghanistan and Fars Province is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran which is located in the southwest of the country. It neighbors Bushehr Province to the west, Hormozgān Province to the south, Kerman and Yazd provinces to the east, Isfahan province to the north and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province to the northwest. There are three distinct climatic regions in the Fars Province: first, the mountainous area of the north and northwest with moderate cold winters and mild summers; Second, the central regions with relatively rainy mild winters and hot dry summers; Third the south and southeast regions with cold winters with hot summers. The average temperature of Shiraz is 16.8 °C, ranging between 4.7 °C and 29.2 °C.
Fars has an area of 122,608 km² and is the fifth vastest province in Iran. According to the latest census in 2011, this province with a population of about 4.6 million people is rated the fourth most populous province in the country. 67.6% of this population were registered as urban dwellers (urban/suburban), 32.1% villagers (small town/rural), and 0.3% nomad tribes.
Based on the 2010 census Shiraz, the administrative center of Fars province, had a population of 1,749,926 which constitutes 39% of the population in the province. It is the most populous city in the province and the sixth most populous one in the country.
According to the latest divisions, the province contains 29 counties namely: Abadeh, Sarvestan, Jahrom, Eqlid,Rostam, Estahban, Darab, Nayriz, Bavanat,
Larestan, Qir and Karzin, Khorrambid, Lamerd, Kazerun, Fasa, Firuzabad, Zarrin Dasht, Mamasani, Shiraz, Marvdasht, Sepidan, Arsanjan, Pasargad, Kavar, Khonj, Farashband, Gerash, Kharameh, Mohr. This province also contains 102 cities and 2000 villages.
Fars includes various natural, cultural, historical and religious attractions. So far 290 tourist attractions have been identified in Fars with about 12 ones in each county. From among the most known historical sites are Persepolis, Pasargadae, Hafez Tomb, Sa’di Tomb, Quran Gate, Karim khan Castle, Vakil Bazar, Nasir-al-Mulk Mosque (Pink Mosque), Bishapur, Jahrom fire temple, Jame Bazar and mosque in Darab, Sasanid Castle in Sarvestan, … It also has several natural attractions including Dasht-Arjan lake, Qalat village, Lost Paradise, Rose Gardens of Eqlid, Kohmareh waterfalls , etc.
Industry and Agriculture
Agriculture and livestock breeding are the two main economic sources in Fars Province. The most important agricultural products in Fars include cereal (wheat and barley), citrus fruits, dates, sugar beets, cotton, corn, fig and saffron. Lemon from Darab and Jahrom are among the famous souvenirs of Fars. Fars is the leading province in providing the wheat in the country.
Fars has major petrochemical facilities, along with an oil refinery, a large electronics industry, telecommunication industries, a factory for producing tires, processed food, dairies, pharmaceuticals, cement, textile production, sugar, non-alcoholic drinks, meat products, and a sugar mill.
Tourism is also a large industry in the province.
Energies and Mines
a- Power Stations
Hafez Power Plant and the Gas Plant of Shiraz, the Combined Cycle Power Plant of Jahrom and the Combined Cycle Power Plant of Fars are the main power stations in Fars Province.
The Solar Power Plant of Shiraz is the first linear parabolic solar kind which has been devised by the Iranian experts.
The first wind turbine in Fars, with 660 kilowatt capacity, opened in 2010 in Baba-Kuhi Mountain.
37 Kinds of minerals have been identifies in Fars Province from which 20 minerals including limestone, gypsum, marble, fireclay and the like are exploited. Presently, in Fars 332 mines are in operation which hold 1045 million tons of resources and over 23 million ton minerals are extracted from them annually.
c- Ornamental Stones
Fars has the second place in having ornamental stones in Iran. Generally, 20 percent of ornamental stones of Iran are produced in Fars Province. There are 350 stonecutting centers active in Fars which process around 80 percent of the extracted stones. Among the extracted stones in this province, marble and quartz constitute 15 percent of the total amount of extraction of ornamental stones in Fars.
d- Oil and Gas
National Iranian Drilling Company, presently, is drilling 8 developing oil fields in Sarvestan, Sa’adat Abad and Khesht and a 42-million-Euro budget has been allocated to these drillings.
The volume of gas reserves in Halegan gas field, in Fars Province, is 12.4 trillion square feet and the supply of gas condensates of the same field is 249 million barrels. Sefid Zakhur, Sefid Baghun, Dey, Halegan and some other gas fields in this region are ready to be developed and in doing so, they are able to form a gas hub in the region.
There are 6 airports in Fars province. Shiraz Airport is the main international airport of the province and the second in the country. Shiraz is along the main route from Tehran to southern Iran. The cities of Lar and Lamerd also have airports linking them with Shiraz and Tehran and nearby Persian Gulf countries such as the UAE and Bahrain. Jahrom, Fasa and Zarghan airports have only domestic flights.
The international destinations from Shiraz airport include England, Malaysia, Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Qatar, The UAE (Dubai, Abu-Dhabi and Sharjah), Kuwait, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Pakistan, Egypt and Sudan.
The Fars Province is home to many higher education institutes and universities. The main universities of the province include Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz University of Technology and Islamic Azad University of Shiraz.
Sports and Entertainment
Hafezieh Stadium which is located right across from Hafez Tomb is the home to all soccer games in Shiraz.
Myanrood Stadium and Olympic village with 50,000 and 100,000 people capacity are under construction in Shiraz.
2- Ski Resorts
Fars includes 2 ski resorts: Tarbyat Badani ski resort which is located at a 5-kilometer distance from Sepidan and Pooladkaf which is located at a 15-killometer distance from Sepidan.
Opening in 2002, Pooladkaf is now the second international ski resort in Iran and is 2850 meters higher than the sea level and includes a 3400-meter peak. This resort, also, includes facilities such as cable-car, restaurant, fast food restaurant, café, a hotel, snow motors, SUVs, horseback riding, bike riding, ski equipment and ski trainers.